Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)

1. Scheduled Castes (SCs), who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social and educational disabilities and economic deprivation arising therefrom. Accordingly, special provisions have been enshrined in the Constitution for advancement of their interests. These provisions range from measures to remove any kind of social disabilities imposed on them to ensure equality of opportunity in every sphere, to measures of positive discrimination to bring them on par with rest of the population.

2. Article 46 of Part IV (“Directive Principles of State Policy”) of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38 (2) in the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income, and to endeavor to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations. 3. The Government has hence taken a number of initiatives for development of SCs, which have yielded positive outcomes, and have also resulted in narrowing the gap between the Scheduled Castes and the rest of the population. However, the focus of most welfare Schemes of SCs has been mainly cantered on individual beneficiaries rather than on the integrated development of SC pockets.

4. To enable an area based development approach, a new scheme called the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched on a Pilot basis during 2009-10, following the Finance Minister’s declaration in his Budget Speech delivered on 6.7.2009. The Scheme aims at integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50%. A total of 1000 villages from Tamil Nadu (225), Rajasthan (225), Bihar (225), Himachal Pradesh (225) and Assam (100) were selected for the Pilot phase.

5. During 2014-15, PMAGY was further extended (Phase-I) to cover another 1500 villages across 11 States namely Andhra Pradesh (7), Assam (75), Chhattisgarh (175), Jharkhand (100), Haryana (12), Karnataka (201), Madhya Pradesh (327), Odisha (175), Punjab (162), Telangana (6) and Uttar Pradesh (260).

Expansion of the Scheme:

6. In light of the benefits accruing to the residents of the villages through successful implementation of the Scheme, it has been decided to take up more villages in the Phase-II. All those districts are considered which have villages having total population ≥500 and with more than 50% persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes. The villages in descending order of SC population are proposed to be selected from each such district for implementation of the Scheme in this new Phase. The Government of India is planning to cover all the eligible 26968 villages by the end of 2024-25.

Revision of Scheme Guidelines:

7. To ensure all round development of the selected villages, so that they can indeed become ‘Adarsh Grams’, the said Scheme has been recently revised to capture the Gaps in critical socio-economic ‘Monitorable Indicators’ as part of various sectors/domains. These domains include water and sanitation, education, health and nutrition, agricultural best practices etc. amongst others.

New Approach for implementation:

8. The identification of needs or Gaps with regard to the ‘Monitorable Indicators’ will be based on a Need Assessment exercise. The ‘Village Development Plan’ (VDP) will be based on the data collected as part of the Need Assessment exercise. The Scheme relies heavily on convergence with other initiatives of the Central and State Governments for ensuring that the minimum infrastructure and critical services are made available to all the persons in the village, especially those belonging to the Scheduled Castes. PMAGY will provide the platform for convergent implementation of other Schemes with the aim to achieve saturation in the various domains. Whereas it is expected that the major portion of the funds requirement for

implementation would be met from other Central or State Schemes, the ‘Gap-filling’ funds will be provided under the Scheme, for those areas which cannot be covered otherwise.

Funding under the Scheme:

9. For every new village selected, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 21 lakh of which Rs.20.00 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs.1.00 lakh is meant for ‘administrative expenses’ at the Centre, State, District and Village level in the ratio of 1:1:1:2. Initially, 50% of the admissible grant i.e. Rs.10.40 lakh per new village (including Rs. 10 lakh for ‘Gap-filling’ and Rs. 40, 000 for ‘administrative expenses’) will be released to the State Govt. either through PMAGY or through the infrastructure component of the Scheme of SCA to SCSP, or both. The remaining 50% of funds for the new villages would be released after due appraisal by the Central PMAGY Steering-cum-Monitoring Committee and only after reasonable physical and financial progress is achieved.

10. In addition to the newly selected villages, villages already implementing PMAGY in Phase-I will also receive an additional round of funding so that they are also able to achieve the desired goals for the socio- economic indicators now specified under the new Scheme Guidelines, provided they meet the revised eligibility criteria. For these villages, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 10 lakh of which Rs. 9.50 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs. 0.50 lakh is for ‘administrative expenses’ at the Centre, State, District and Village level in the ratio of 1:1:1:2.

11. Details of ‘funding’ and ‘flow of fund’ are explained at para-9 and 10 of the Scheme Guidelines. The State Government/UT Administration would initially release the funds to the District Administrations for, ‘administrative expenses’ i.e. for capacity building, awareness generation, preparation of the ‘Village Development Plans’ (VDPs) and initiating other non-cost based activities. The funds under the ‘Gap-filling’ component are to be released to the District Administration only after approval of the VDPs of the selected villages by the District PMAGY Convergence Committee and thereafter the District Administration can release funds to the Gram Panchayats or line departments for execution of the identified infrastructure works under VDP.

Project Monitoring:

12.   The Scheme provides for setting up of various levels of Committees for guidance, monitoring and implementation. These Committees, especially the Convergence Committees at the Village, District and State levels, are crucial to the implementation as they would assess the requirements as well as plan and execute the works/services that are needed to be undertaken under various Schemes for the wholesome development of the villages.

13.   Government of India has developed a well-defined structure for Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of the Scheme execution. A website with the facility of collection of Household level data, assessment of village needs, prioritising the works, preparing the Village Development Plan and periodic monitoring of the Scheme has been made operational. The web link of the site is http://pmagy.gov.in .

Selection of Villages under Phase-II of the Scheme and release of Fund:

14. The list of the villages selected during 2018-19 and 2019-20 for Scheme implementation are as under:

Sl No State/UT No of Eligible Villages Villages already covered under Pilot Phase Villages already covered during Phase-I Villages selected under Phase-II Remaining Eligible Villages
2018-19 2019-20
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 495 0 6 99 78 312
2 ASSAM 617 74 57 238 137 111
3 BIHAR 1456 128 0 348 268 712
4 CHHATTISGARH 769 0 127 128 105 409
5 GUJARAT 25 0 0 25 0 0
6 HARYANA 366 0 11 137 82 136
7 HIMACHAL PRADESH 417 60 0 90 88 179
8 J&K 261 0 0 71 190 0
9 JHARKHAND 720 0 96 129 94 401
10 KARNATAKA 1315 0 165 239 249 662
11 KERALA 1 0 0 1 0 0
12 MADHYA PRADESH 1146 0 124 333 281 408
13 MAHARASHTRA 277 0 0 145 62 70
14 MANIPUR 16 0 0 12 4 0
15 MEGHALAYA 4 0 0 4 0 0
16 ODISHA 994 0 131 192 196 475
17 PUDUCHERRY 10 0 0 10 0 0
18 PUNJAB 2097 0 152 161 211 1573
19 RAJASTHAN 1415 140 0 288 234 753
20 TAMIL NADU 2044 212 0 271 206 1355
21 TELANGANA 169 0 5 133 22 9
22 TRIPURA 31 0 0 31 0 0
23 UTTAR PRADESH 6394 0 221 675 665 4833
24 UTTARAKHAND 312 0 0 124 70 118
25 WEST BENGAL 5617 0 0 210 210 5197
TOTAL 26968 614 1095 4094 3452 17713

15. Fund Released under Phase-II of the Scheme (as on 31-10-2019):

Sl No State/UT Eligible Central Assistance (@Rs. 20.8 lakh for new and 9.9 lakh for Phase-I Villages) Funds Released (2018-19: Rs. 10.4 Lakh per village for new villages and Rs. 9.9 lakh for Phase-I) (2019-20 as per details below
2018-19 2019-20 2018-19 2019-20 TOTAL
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 2098.8 1622.4 1069 695.4 1764.4
2 ASSAM 5296.9 2849.6 2475.2 904.6 3379.8
3 BIHAR 7238.4 5574.4 3619.2 2894.4 6513.6
4 CHHATTISGARH 2761.4 2184 1429.9 1134 2563.9
5 GUJARAT 520 0 260 0 260
6 HARYANA 2958.5 1705.6 1534 633.6 2167.6
7 HIMACHAL PRADESH 1872 1830.4 936 950.4 1886.4
8 J&K 1476.8 3952 738.4 2052 2790.4
9 JHARKHAND 3118.8 1955.2 1776.9 75.2 1852.1
10 KARNATAKA 5218.7 5179.2 2733 2478.2 5211.2
11 KERALA 20.8 0 10.4 0 10.4
12 MADHYA PRADESH 7589.7 5844.8 4126 3034.8 7160.8
13 MAHARASHTRA 3016 1289.6 1507.6 669.6 2177.2
14 MANIPUR 249.6 83.2 124.8 43.2 168
15 MEGHALAYA 83.2 0 41.6 0 41.6
16 ODISHA 4815.3 4076.8 2818 156.8 2974.8
17 PUDUCHERRY 208 0 104 0 104
18 PUNJAB 3913.1 4388.8 1674 2035.8 3709.8
19 RAJASTHAN 5990.4 4867.2 2995 2527.2 5522.2
20 TAMIL NADU 5636.8 4284.8 2819 2224.8 5043.8
21 TELANGANA 2815.9 457.6 1433 118.8 1551.8
22 TRIPURA 644.8 0 322 0 322
23 UTTAR PRADESH 14525.1 13832 7505 6710.35 14215.35
24 UTTARAKHAND 2579.2 1456 1289.6 756 2045.6
25 WEST BENGAL 4368 4368 0 0 0
TOTAL 89016.2 71801.6 43341.6 30095.15 73436.75

16.   Progress of Pilot Phase

Sl State No. of selected villages No of Works Approved No of Works completed No of Villages declared ‘Adarsh Gram’ Total Fund Released  (Rs. In Cr.)
1 Assam 100     100 20.10
2 Bihar 225 3721 3162 225 45.225
3 Himachal Pradesh 225     44 45.255
4 Rajasthan 225 1334-61 1273 225 45.255
5 Tamil Nadu 225     225  45.225
TOTAL 1000     819  

17.   Phyical and Financial Progress during Phase-I of the Scheme :

Sl State No of Villages selected under Phase-I
By Dept. Under Discretion Redistributed Total
1 Assam 75     75
2 Uttar Pradesh 200 10 50 260
3 Madhya Pradesh 200 77 50 327
4 Karnataka 200 1   201
5 Punjab 100 12 50 162
6 Odisha 100   75 175
7 Jharkhand 100     100
8 Chhattisgarh 100   75 175
9 Haryana   12   12
10 Andhra Pradesh   7   7
11 Telangana   6   6
TOTAL 1075 125 300 1500
Sl State Central Assistance Released (Rs. Cr) Total
14-15 15-16 16-17 17-18 18-19 19-20  
1 Assam     15.75   3.75    19.50
2 Uttar Pradesh 1.00 42.00 1.10 8.65 1.85   54.60
3 Madhya Pradesh 7.70 47.32 3.15 10.50     68.67
4 Karnataka 0.10 40.00 2.11       42.21
5 Punjab 18.70 3.50 1.32 16.10     39.62
6 Odisha   21.00 15.75     8.75 45.50
7 Jharkhand   21.00       5.00 26.00
8 Chhattisgarh   21.00 20.75 3.75     45.50
9 Haryana 1.20   1.32       2.52
10 Andhra Pradesh 0.70   0.77       1.47
11 Telangana 0.60   0.66       1.26
Total 30.00 195.82 62.68 39.00 5.60 13.75 346.85
Sl State Physical and Financial Progress
No of Villages VDP Prepared Works Appd. Works completed Works in Progress Villages declared Adarsh Gram
1 Assam 75 68 58 0 58 0
2 Uttar Pradesh 260 210 775 13 367 140
3 Madhya Pradesh 327 251 2018 386 398 0
4 Karnataka 201 199 102 0 78 0
5 Punjab 162 105 677 101 557 0
6 Odisha 175 0 0 0 0 0
7 Jharkhand 100 100 1120 0 1120 0
8 Chhattisgarh 175 175 2025 62 1857 0
9 Haryana 12 9 18 2 16 0
10 Andhra Pradesh 7 0 0 0 0 0
11 Telangana 6 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1500 1117 6793 564 4451 140

18.   Financial Year wise releases are given below (Rs. In Crore):

Year Budget Estimate Revised Estimate Expenditure 
Up to 2013-14 201.00
2014-15 30.00 30.00 30.00
2015-16 200.00 200.00 195.82
2016-17 90.00 50.00 62.68
2017-18 40.00 40.00 39.00
2018-19 70.00 140.00 167.876
2019-20 390.00 319.00

Sources @ http://pmagy.gov.in/aboutPMAGY

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