Employment generation coupled with improving employability is the priority concern of the Government. Government has taken various steps for generating employment in the country like encouraging private sector of economy, fast tracking various projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) run by Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) scheme run by Ministry of Rural Development and Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) run by Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) has been initiated by Government for facilitating self-employment. Under PMMY collateral free loans upto Rs. 10 lakh, are extended to small/micro business enterprises and to individuals to enable them to setup or expand their business activities. Till 25th January, 2019, total 15.59 crore loans have been sanctioned under the scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana has been initiated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment in the year 2016-17 for incentivizing employers for employment generation. Under this scheme, Government is paying the entire employer’s contribution (12% or as admissible) towards the EPS and EPF for all sectors w.e.f. 01.04.2018 to all eligible new employees for the next 3 years from the date of registration of the new employee. Till 28th January, 2019, benefits have been given to 1.29 lakh establishments covering 1.05 crore beneficiaries.
Under Skill India Mission, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is implementing a flagship scheme known as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 2016-20 with an objective to provide skilling to one crore people under Short Term Training (STT), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and Special Project (SP) across the country for four years i.e. 2016-2020 with an outlay of Rs. 12,000 crore. Under the scheme, short duration skill development training programme is being imparted to all prospective candidates including candidates belonging to BPL in the country.
Under PMKVY 2016-20, as on 24.01.2019, 37.32 lakh (appx.) candidates have been trained under STT (25.25 lakh), RPL (11.27 lakh) and Special Project (0.8 lakh) in the country. Under PMKVY 2016-20 scheme, placement tracking is mandatory. The placement data is reported within 90 days of certification of trained candidate. As per data reported on SDMS, as on 24.01.2019, 21.03 lakh candidates are certified under STT and SPs of PMKVY 2016-20. The number of candidates certified under STT and SPs of PMKVY 90 days prior i.e. 26.10.2018 is 19.39 lakh. Out of these candidates, as on 24.01.2019, 10.64 lakh candidates have been placed in various sectors across the country.
Sources @ https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1562837